Debate continues in Tunisia’s parliament: motion for France to apologize or not for crimes permitted during the colonial era and to pay reparations

After a heated, 14-hour debate, Tunisia’s parliament on Wednesday rejected a motion calling on France to apologize for crimes permitted during the colonial era and pay reparations.

 

Opponents argued that such a move would spell economic disaster, given that France is Tunisia’s top trade partner and No. 1 foreign investor. It’s also home to 1 million Tunisians.

But proponents of the motion said an apology is necessary to “turn the page on this dark period” in the history of the two countries and put their relations on a more equal footing.

The debate came amid renewed anger in some European countries about colonialism’s crimes, stemming from protests in the U.S. over racial injustice and police violence after George Floyd’s death.

France occupied Tunisia as a protectorate for 75 years, from 1881 until 1956. French soldiers only left Tunisian territory in 1963.

The motion to demand an “official and public apology from the French state for crimes, assassinations, torture, rape, forced deportation and looting of natural resources” was presented by the Islamist nationalist party Coalition Al Karama, which has just 19 lawmakers in the 217-seat assembly.

The debate was rejected early Wednesday after 14 hours of debate, with 77 legislators voting in favor, 46 abstentions and five votes against. To be adopted, it needed an absolute majority of 109 votes.

The bill also demanded “compensation to the Tunisian state and to all those who suffered the pain of colonization.”

“We are not animated by any bitterness or hatred, but such apologies will heal the wounds of the past,” argued the president of Al Karama, Seifeddine Makhlouf.

He used the example of Germany, which apologized to France after the Nazi occupation, noting that the two countries “are now allies and the leading partners in Europe.”

However, he provoked an outcry when he attacked the first president of Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba, calling him “the servant of France.”

Lawmaker Mustapha Ben Ahmed of the Tahya Tounes party said, “We are for the most part the children of Bourguiba, who led the liberation struggle of the country after long years of imprisonment and deportations and built modern Tunisia by generalizing education and by emancipating women.”

The leader of moderate Islamist party Ennahdha was among those who said the motion could harm Tunisia’s economic interests and its most important international alliance. Others noted Tunisia’s years-long economic crisis and 15% unemployment rate and said the motion was too hastily prepared.

“We are not going to feed Tunisians with such motions,” said Osama Khelifi of the Qalb Tounes party.


Source: Associated Press – BOUAZZA BEN BOUAZZA

Debate continues in Tunisia’s parliament: motion for France to apologize or not for crimes permitted during the colonial era and to pay reparations

Update on coronavirus and its global effects

HERE’S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW TODAY ABOUT THE VIRUS OUTBREAK:

A waiter wearing protective face shield to help curb the spread of the new coronavirus delivers dishes to customers at a seafood restaurant on the outskirts of Jakarta, Indonesia, Wednesday, June 10, 2020. As Indonesia’s overall virus caseload continues to rise, Jakarta has moved to restore normalcy by lifting some restrictions this week, saying that the spread of the virus in the city of 11 million has slowed after peaking in mid-April. (AP Photo/Tatan Syuflana)

HERE’S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW TODAY ABOUT THE VIRUS OUTBREAK:

— Virus pummels global economy, jobs – even without 2nd wave

— In Pakistan, COVID-19 is just the latest epidemic in areas struck by chronic poverty, malnutrition and violence

— Easing restrictions in Indonesia’s capital triggers concerns

— It’s an issue that’s been argued about for months, both by experts and by people strolling through parks all over the world: Can people who don’t feel sick spread the coronavirus, and if so should we all be wearing masks to stop it? Even the World Health Organization can’t seem to get it straight. On Tuesday the U.N. health agency scrambled to explain seemingly contradictory comments it has made in recent days about the two related issues.

— Moscow emerged from a strict lockdown with the city government citing a slowdown in the coronavirus outbreak and critics expressing concerns over the potential for a new wave of infections in the Russian capital. It comes weeks before a nationwide vote on the constitutional reform that would allow President Vladimir Putin to stay in power until 2036 and was condemned by Kremlin opponents as politically motivated.

— Experts worry that a further surge of the coronavirus in under-developed regions with shaky health systems could undermine efforts to halt the pandemic. Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, India and Pakistan are among the countries easing lockdown restrictions before their outbreaks have peaked and without detailed surveillance and testing systems in place.

HERE’S WHAT ELSE IS HAPPENING TODAY:

BERLIN — Germany is prolonging its travel warning for more than 160 countries outside Europe until the end of August.

The government agreed Wednesday to extend the guidance introduced on March 17 due to the coronavirus pandemic to almost all non-EU countries, with the exception of some that have successfully contained the outbreak.

Last week, Germany downgraded its travel warning for the rest of the 27-nation EU, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Iceland and Britain.

Also Wednesday, the government announced the end of border controls for EU citizens coming to Germany. Almost all German states require travelers arriving from countries that have 50 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the past seven days to quarantine for two weeks. This is currently the case for fellow EU member state Sweden.


JOHANNESBURG — Africa’s confirmed coronavirus cases have surpassed 200,000.

That’s according to the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The 54-nation continent has 202,782 cases and 5,516 deaths.

While Africa still represents a tiny percentage of the world’s total COVID-19 cases, well under 5%, officials in South Africa and elsewhere have expressed concern because the number of infections continues to climb.

South Africa leads the continent with 52,991 cases, with almost two-thirds of them in the Western Cape province centered on the city of Cape Town.

Egypt has 36,829 cases and Nigeria has 13,464.


ISLAMABAD — Pakistan’s coronavirus infections soared past 5,000 as the World Health Organization urged the government to impose a two-week lockdown to stem the relentless spike in new cases.

Pakistan has recorded 113,702 confirmed cases and 2,255 deaths.

Until now, Pakistan’s daily testing rate has hovered around 25,000, but the WHO says it should be double that.

Prime Minister Imran Khan has come under criticism from political opponents and health professionals for easing lockdowns despite soaring numbers and no progress in tracking COVID-19 outbreaks.

Khan, who has reprimanded Pakistanis for not wearing masks and keeping social distance, says the economy cannot survive a total lockdown and the poorest in Pakistan would be the hardest hit.

Pakistan was slow to rein in radical religious leaders who were initially allowed to invite Islamic missionaries to attend a massive gathering in mid-March, which was blamed for spreading infection as far as the Gaza Strip.

Khan also refused to shut down mosques during Ramadan and eased restrictions ahead of the Eid-al Fitr holiday. Since then the number of cases has continued to rise and medical workers worry the weak health system that has barely 3,000 ICU beds for a population of 220 million will be overwhelmed.


MOSCOW — It will take the Russian capital about two months to lift all coronavirus restrictions, Moscow’s mayor said Wednesday.

The situation in Moscow is improving, but the outbreak hasn’t been completely eradicated, Sergei Sobyanin said at a government meeting. “We still have restrictions related to mass events -– attending theaters, cinemas, concert halls and sporting events. Decisions (to lift these restrictions) will mostly likely be made in the beginning of July,” Sobyanin said.

This week the mayor announced the ending of the strict lockdown in the city that has been in place since late March. Starting from Tuesday, Moscow residents are no longer required to stay at home or obtain electronic passes for traveling around the city. All restrictions on taking walks, using public transportation or driving have been lifted as well. Beauty parlors also reopened Tuesday. Outdoor terraces of cafes and restaurants, as well as museums and dental clinics, are to open on June 16. Kindergartens, gyms and indoor spaces at cafes and restaurants will be allowed to operate starting June 23.

In recent weeks, the officially reported daily number of new coronavirus infections in Moscow has dropped from over 6,000 to under 2,000. On Wednesday, health officials in the city reported a record low of 1,195 new infections. In total, Moscow has registered 199,785 confirmed cases, 40% of Russia’s caseload of over 493,000 contagions.


TIRANA, Albania — Albanian authorities on Wednesday reported 42 new coronavirus cases, the highest number ever, more than two weeks after the country relaxed its total lockdown.

Authorities called on the people to avoid mass gatherings, but a new virus cluster reported Wednesday involved people participating in a funeral ceremony.

Health Minister Ogerta Manastirliu said the number of cases has increased due to “community transmission” of the virus.

Very few people continue to wear masks in the streets. Sports are being held without fans and no concerts or other cultural activities are allowed. Public transportation will resume on Monday.

As of Wednesday, Albania has had 34 confirmed deaths and 1,341 confirmed cases.


VIENNA — Austria on Wednesday announced the opening of its borders to all European neighbors from June 16 with the exceptions of Spain, Portugal, Sweden and Britain.

Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg also said that the border with Italy to the south would be open without conditions but that a travel warning for Austrian citizens is in place for Lombardy.

The northern Italian region is the epicenter of Italy’s epidemic which has been showing triple-digit growth in daily infections while much of the rest of the country counts a handful or fewer.

While Italy opened its borders on June 3, Austria’s reluctance to open their shared border has been a sore spot between the neighbors, especially as the tourism season gets under way. Austria’s opening means that visitors from a total of 31 countries no longer are required to undergo a two-week quarantine.


COLOMBO, Sri Lanka — Sri Lanka’s health officials say places of worship that have remained closed for the past three months can reopen starting Friday subject to social distancing guidelines to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

Director General of Health Services Anil Jasinghe said Wednesday that up to 50 people can congregate at any place of worship but must keep their distance from others both indoors and outdoors.

If there is no space to accommodate 50 people, such places of worship can admit half their normal capacity, he said.

Sri Lanka has reported not cases outside known clusters for the past month. The country has confirmed 1,859 patients with 11 deaths.


NEW DELHI — India reported a new rise of nearly 10,000 coronavirus infections Wednesday, with a total caseload of 276,583, the fifth highest in the world.

The Health Ministry confirmed 9,985 new cases and 274 deaths in the last 24 hours. Total fatalities have reached 7,745.

Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and New Delhi are the worst-hit states.

The spike comes as the government reopened restaurants, shopping malls and places of worship in most of India after a more than 2-month-old lockdown. Subways, hotels and schools remain closed.

India has so far tested more than 4.9 million people with a daily capacity crossing 140,000.

The number of new cases has soared since the government began relaxing restrictions. There has also been a surge in infections in rural India following the return of hundreds of thousands of migrant workers who lost their jobs during the lockdown.


SEOUL, South Korea — South Korea has reported 50 new cases of COVID-19 as officials begin requiring nightclubs, karaoke rooms and gyms to register their customers with smartphone QR codes so they could be easily located when needed.

The figures from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Wednesday brought national totals to 11,902 cases and 276 deaths. At least 41 of the cases were reported from the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, where officials have struggled to trace transmissions linked to entertainment venues, church gatherings and low-income workers who couldn’t afford to stay home.

Since late May, the country has been reporting around 30 to 50 new cases per day, a resurgence that has threatened to erase some of the hard-won gains against the virus as people begin to ease on distancing.

The nationwide requirement of QR codes at “high-risk” venues come after a trial run in the cities of Seoul, Incheon and Daejeon, where some 300 businesses used an app developed by internet company Naver to collect the information of some 6,000 customers. The government is also encouraging churches, libraries, hospitals and movie theaters to voluntarily adopt the technology.

South Korea has aggressively mobilized technological tools to trace contacts and enforce quarantines.


Source: Associated Press

Update on coronavirus and its global effects

J. Jay Samuel Davis – Western Australia Australia the Worst For State for Racism

William Buckley
“The whole system is rotten in Worst Australia. I was imprisoned for a parking offence and I didn’t own the vehicle. I never received a parking ticket, never received notification from Council about a fine, never received notification of a Court Action. The Police came to my home and carted me off to the lock up. No telephone call, no lawyer and when I complained they incited the prisoners to threaten me. I did complain to the Ombudsman but the Police investigated the complaint and covered it up. When I perused the matter further they send a Counter Terrorist Unit after me and they threatened to lock me in a mental institution. Lucky for me my wife and many of my friends were physiologists and the Head of the Mental Health Division was at my wedding. After 12 months of getting nowhere I chained myself to the Town Hall to protest the Injustice of the Court, the Police and the Government.”

J. Jay Samuel Davis – Western Australia Australia the Worst For State for Racism ⚜️⚜️⚜️

J. Jay Samuel Davis – Western Australia Australia the Worst For State for Racism

J. Jay Samuel Davis – Western Australia Australia the Worst For State for Racism

Democrats Propose Replacing All Police With Traveling Bands Of Hippies Singing ‘Imagine’ | The Babylon Bee

WASHINGTON, D.C.—Congressional Democrats have announced a proposal to abolish the police and replace them all with traveling bands of hippies singing John Lennon’s classic song “Imagine.”

The police forces will arrive at the scene of a crime, pull out their djembes and guitars, and start singing beautiful lines like, “Imagine there’s no heaven / It’s easy if you try.”

Criminals are expected to begin weeping as soon as they see the peace, love, and tolerance displayed by the hippies. “Our early research has been very promising,” said Rayne Windflower, head of hippy research in the city of Minneapolis. “The science seems to indicate that as soon as you approach someone who is breaking the law and start singing ‘Imagine all the people living for today’ they drop their deadly weapon, return all the goods they have stolen, and join us in a dancing circle to smoke some weed.”

“Seriously, try some of this dank bud,” the scientist with bloodshot eyes added, giggling.

The new hippy police, will, of course, still have guns just in case the song doesn’t work and will be authorized to throw you into a “Love Camp” if you do not comply.

— Read on babylonbee.com/news/democrats-propose-replacing-all-police-with-traveling-bands-of-hippies-singing-imagine

Democrats Propose Replacing All Police With Traveling Bands Of Hippies Singing ‘Imagine’ | The Babylon Bee

IBM quits facial recognition, joins call for police reforms

IBM is getting out of the facial recognition business, saying it’s concerned about how the technology can be used for mass surveillance and racial profiling.

Ongoing protests responding to the death of George Floyd have sparked a broader reckoning over racial injustice and a closer look at the use of police technology to track demonstrators and monitor American neighborhoods.

IBM is one of several big tech firms that had earlier sought to improve the accuracy of their face-scanning software after research found racial and gender disparities. But its new CEO is now questioning whether it should be used by police at all.

“We believe now is the time to begin a national dialogue on whether and how facial recognition technology should be employed by domestic law enforcement agencies,” wrote CEO Arvind Krishna in a letter sent Monday to U.S. lawmakers.

IBM’s decision to stop building and selling facial recognition software is unlikely to affect its bottom line, since the tech giant is increasingly focused on cloud computing while an array of lesser-known firms have cornered the market for government facial recognition contracts.

“But the symbolic nature of this is important,” said Mutale Nkonde, a research fellow at Harvard and Stanford universities who directs the nonprofit AI For the People.

Nkonde said IBM shutting down a business “under the guise of advancing anti-racist business practices” shows that it can be done and makes it “socially unacceptable for companies who tweet Black Lives Matter to do so while contracting with the police.”

Krishna’s letter was addressed to a group of Democrats who have been working on police reform legislation in Congress fueled by the mass protests over Floyd’s death. The sweeping reform package could include restrictions on police use of facial recognition.

The practice of using a form of artificial intelligence to identify individuals in photo databases or video feeds has come under heightened scrutiny after researchers found racial and gender disparities in systems built by companies including IBM, Microsoft and Amazon.

IBM had previously tested its facial recognition software with the New York Police Department, although the department has more recently used other vendors. It’s not clear if IBM has existing contracts with other government agencies.

Many U.S. law enforcement agencies rely on facial recognition software built by companies less well known to the public, such as Tokyo-based NEC or the European companies Idemia and Cognitec, according to Clare Garvie, a researcher at Georgetown University’s Center on Privacy and Technology.

A smaller number have partnered with Amazon, which has attracted the most opposition from privacy advocates since it introduced its Rekognition software in 2016.

Krishna’s letter called for police reforms and noted that “IBM firmly opposes and will not condone uses of any technology, including facial recognition technology offered by other vendors, for mass surveillance, racial profiling” and human rights violations.

Civil liberties advocates have raised concerns in recent weeks about the use of surveillance technology to monitor protesters or to enforce rules set to curb the coronavirus pandemic.

Even before the protests, U.S. senators this year had been scrutinizing New York facial recognition startup Clearview AI following investigative reports about its practice of harvesting billions of photos from social media and other internet services to identify people.

Joy Buolamwini, a researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology whose research on facial recognition bias helped spur IBM’s re-examination of the technology, said Tuesday she commends the congressional police reform package for seeking restrictions on the use of police body cameras to scan people’s faces in real time.

But she said lawmakers can go further to protect people from having governments scan their faces on social media posts or in public spaces without their knowledge.

“Regardless of the accuracy of these systems, mass surveillance enabled by facial recognition can lead to chilling effects and the silencing of dissent,” Buolamwini wrote in an email sent from Boston’s city hall, where she was testifying in support of a proposed ban on facial recognition use by municipal agencies. San Francisco and several other U.S. cities have enacted similar bans over the past year.

Source: Associated Press

IBM quits facial recognition, joins call for police reforms